Does Kilimanjaro Have Snow

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Does Kilimanjaro Have Snow

Kilimanjaro, also known as Mount Kilimanjaro, is the highest mountain in Africa and one of the most popular destinations for trekking and climbing. Located in Tanzania, this dormant volcano is surrounded by rich wildlife and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. One question that often comes up when planning a trip to Kilimanjaro is, "Does Kilimanjaro have snow?" In this article, we will explore the answer to this question and provide information on the current state of Kilimanjaro's snow.

The Location and Climate of Kilimanjaro 

Kilimanjaro is situated in the north-eastern part of Tanzania, near the border of Kenya. It is the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, standing at a towering height of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet). Despite being located near the equator, the mountain is surrounded by a diverse range of ecosystems due to its height and unique topography. These ecosystems include tropical rainforest, alpine meadows, and arctic-like landscapes near the summit.

Kilimanjaro's location near the equator also means that it experiences mild weather year-round, with temperatures ranging from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius (68-77 degrees Fahrenheit) at the base and dropping to below freezing at the summit. However, the key factor that affects the mountain's climate is its altitude.

Why is there snow on Mount Kilimanjaro ?

As elevation increases, air temperature decreases. This is due to the fact that at higher altitudes, the air molecules are more spread out compared to sea level. With less density and fewer collisions between molecules, less heat is produced. For instance, the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, located at 6 kilometers above sea level and close to the Equator, experiences much cooler temperatures and is covered in snow, while the base of the mountain has consistently high temperatures year-round.

The Presence of Snow on Kilimanjaro

One of the fascinating aspects of Kilimanjaro's climate is its ability to sustain snow throughout the year. The mountain's summit is covered with a permanent snow cap, which is a significant attraction for climbers. However, due to the changes in global climate patterns, there has been a noticeable reduction in the amount of snow on Kilimanjaro in recent years.

According to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, it is estimated that Kilimanjaro's glaciers have shrunk by almost 82% since 1912. Experts predict that the remaining glaciers may disappear completely in the next two decades if the current rate of melting continues. This change has been attributed to rising temperatures, which have caused the glaciers to recede continuously.

Climbing Kilimanjaro and The Best Time to See Snow

Despite the decrease in the snow cover, climbing Kilimanjaro is still a popular activity, with thousands of people attempting it each year. The best time to see snow on the mountain is during the dry season, which runs from July to September, and January to March. During these periods, the skies are generally clear and are less likely to have cloud cover, providing excellent visibility of the snow-capped peak.

However, it's important to note that Kilimanjaro's weather is unpredictable, and snowfall can occur at any time of the year due to its high altitude. Climbers are advised to be well-prepared for sudden temperature drops and be equipped with proper gear to protect themselves from the cold.


In conclusion, Kilimanjaro does have snow, and it is one of the few places in Africa where you can experience snowy landscapes year-round. However, due to the effects of climate change, the amount of snow on the mountain has reduced significantly in recent decades. If you plan on climbing Kilimanjaro, it is crucial to do so responsibly and support sustainable tourism practices to preserve this natural wonder for future generations to enjoy.

Kilimanjaro National Park

Kilimanjaro National Park