Are there mosquitoes on Kilimanjaro?

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Are there mosquitoes on Kilimanjaro?

Kilimanjaro, the tallest mountain in Africa, is a popular destination for adventure seekers and avid mountaineers. With its stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife, it is no surprise that many people are drawn to this majestic peak. However, one question that often comes to mind when planning a trip to Kilimanjaro is, "Are there mosquitoes on Kilimanjaro?" In this article, we will explore this question and provide you with the answer.

The myth of mosquito-free high altitudes

It is a common belief that mosquitoes cannot survive in high altitudes due to the lack of oxygen and cold temperatures. This belief has led many to assume that Kilimanjaro, being located at a high altitude, is free from these pesky insects. However, this is a myth that needs to be debunked.

The truth about mosquitoes on Kilimanjaro

Contrary to popular belief, mosquitoes do exist on Kilimanjaro. While the abundance and species may vary, they can still be found at certain altitudes on the mountain. Mosquitoes are known to thrive in warm and humid climates, making the lower slopes of Kilimanjaro a suitable breeding ground for them.

The different zones of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro is divided into several different zones, each with its own distinct climate and ecosystem. The lower slopes of the mountain fall under the Rainforest Zone, where temperatures are milder and the air is more humid. This zone is home to a variety of plants and animals, including mosquitoes.

Moving up the mountain, you will reach the Heath-Moorland Zone, which is characterized by a moorland landscape with grasses and low shrubs. This zone is cooler and drier compared to the Rainforest Zone, making it less suitable for mosquitoes to survive. However, they can still be found in small numbers.

As you continue your ascent, you will reach the Alpine Desert Zone, which is a harsh and dry environment. In this zone, mosquitoes are unlikely to survive due to the extreme weather conditions. Finally, the summit of Kilimanjaro, known as Uhuru Peak, is a cold and snowy environment, making it inhospitable for mosquitoes.

Protect yourself from mosquitoes

Even though the number of mosquitoes on Kilimanjaro may not be as high as in lower altitude areas, it is still important to protect yourself from mosquito bites. They can carry diseases such as malaria and yellow fever, which can be harmful to your health. Here are some tips on how to protect yourself:

1. Use insect repellent: Make sure to bring insect repellent with you on your trek and apply it regularly, especially during the evening and early morning when mosquitoes are most active.

2. Wear appropriate clothing: Covering up with long-sleeved clothing and pants can help prevent mosquito bites. Opt for light colors as mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors.

3. Stay in mosquito-proof accommodation: When booking your accommodation on Kilimanjaro, make sure it is mosquito-proof. This will provide you with a safe and comfortable place to rest and sleep without worrying about mosquito bites.


In conclusion, the answer to the question "Are there mosquitoes on Kilimanjaro?" is yes. While they may not be as prevalent as in lower altitude areas, they do exist and can still pose a threat. It is important to take necessary precautions to protect yourself from mosquito bites while trekking on Kilimanjaro. With proper planning and preparation, you can enjoy the beautiful scenery and wildlife of this magnificent mountain without the worry of mosquito-borne diseases. 

Kilimanjaro National Park

Kilimanjaro National Park